Brno Public Transport Authority (Dopravní podnik města Brna, a.s.), together with the Corporate City of Brno, was awarded a grant by the European Commission with which to carry out projects as part of the CIVITAS initiative, which focuses on sustainable development in the sphere of transport. It is a research and demonstration project jointly financed by the European Commission as part of the 7th Framework Programme. The City of Brno registered for the project as part of the CIVITAS – ELAN consortium, which also includes Ljubljana in Slovenia, Zagreb in Croatia, Gent in Belgium and Porto in Portugal.
Brno Public Transport Authority (DPMB) prepared a four-year project in association with the Corporate City of Brno, the aim of which was to implement certain measures designed to improve the quality and sustainability of transport in the city of Brno. The project also involved exchanging experience and the best examples of good practice in the area of transport within the European Union. DPMB, a.s., carried out three measures as part of this project:
the introduction of minibuses
As part of this project, new low entry-level mini-buses appeared in the streets of Brno in September 2009. These minibuses can transport up to 6 wheelchairs at the same time and are there to preferentially replace the buses on routes 81 and 82 which are no longer suitable. Simple adjustment of the inside of the minibus means that they can be used in standard layout and can also appear on certain less-frequented routes, where the use of a large bus is uneconomical.
Two minibuses were delivered by the end of 2009 and another three were put into operation in the first half of 2010. In addition to routes 81 and 82, these minibuses can also be seen on routes 46 and 64 in the evening and at weekends. They are also used for sightseeing trips for tourists organised by the Tourist and Information Centre (http://www.ticbrno.cz/) during the summer.
remote regulation of heating in trams and trolley buses
The aim of this project was to optimise the four-hour cycle of electricity take-off and in doing so make savings in running costs. The basis of the project was to reduce the most acute peak-time take-off using remote regulation of heating in vehicles and in doing so reduce the cost of buying a reserve capacity of the transmission and distribution of electricity.
A pilot project was carried out during the winter of 2009/2010 in which the system was tested on all types of vehicles. The system was then fitted in all trams and trolley buses by the end of 2010.
the introduction of remote diagnosis of the status of ticket machines
As part of this project, a special module was installed in all ticket machines that sends information about the status of the machine to a central office using GPRS technology.
Trial operation on 10 ticket machines was carried out between June and August 2009. The positive results of this led to the decision to fit all DPMB ticket machines with this system. All 152 ticket machines were therefore fitted with and connected to the remote diagnosis system on 30.6.2010.
The Corporate City of Brno was also involved in carrying out another three measures (Integrated Mobility Centre, campaign to increase the use of local public transport and the establishment of a discussion platform for planning intermodal transfer points).
The project was officially launched on 15.9.2008 with the signing of a grant agreement and lasted four years, when the proposed measures were to have been implemented. The total project budget for DPMB, a.s., was EUR 1,149,240, the European Commission having contributed EUR 588,000.